The 'Plymouth Pilgrims'
Perhaps no event has been mythologized more than the venture undertaken
in 1620 by religious Separatists to form a new society in America.
The Plymouth Pilgrims are one of the most significant groups of
immigrants in history. They were English people who sought to escape
the religious controversy and economic problems of their time by
emigrating to America.
Many of the Pilgrims were members of a Puritan sect known as Separatists
who broke away from the Church of England. They committed themselves
to a life based on the Bible. Most of these Separatists were farmers,
poorly educated and without social or political standing.
In order to escape harassment and religious
persecution in England, the Pilgrims emigrated to Amsterdam in 1608,
and just one year after the move to Leiden, where they could practice
their new-found religion in freedom. After 12 years, the congregation
voted to emigrate to America to found a new society. Unable to finance
the costs of the emigration with their own resources, they negotiated
a financial agreement with a prominent London iron merchant.
Although less than half of the group's members decided
to leave Leiden, they hired The Speedwell, a small ship to
carry them from the Netherlands, to Southampton, England, to meet
up with The Mayflower to join another group of Separatists.
Both ships planned to sail together to Northern
Virginia. After two attempts on this courageous journey, the most
they covered was about 300 miles before the ships had to sail to
Plymouth, England, for much needed repairs on the leaking Speedwell.
Aggravated with the amount of time spent in the failure to make
The Speedwell seaworthy a decision was made to transfer the
cargo and many of the passengers to The Mayflower.
September 6, The Mayflower set sail from Plymouth, England,
and headed for America. The delay in the journey meant that many
of the Pilgrims had already been living onboard ships for nearly
6 weeks. With 102 passengers, chickens, goats and dogs, the first
half of the voyage went fairly smoothly, the only major problem
was seasickness. Their living environment
was dark and damp. Their food consisted of salted meat and biscuits
and beer to drink. There was no fresh food or fresh water.
By October, they began encountering
a number of Atlantic storms that made the voyage treacherous. With
waves reaching more than 5 feet high, the westerly gales battered
the ship, and the movement of the rolling and pitching took its
toll on many of its passengers. Several times, the wind was so strong
it was too dangerous to use the ship's sails so they drifted where
the weather took them.
Pilgrims intended to land in the area known as Northern Virginia,
which at the time included the Hudson River in the modern State
of New York. Due to bad weather and risking shipwreck in trying
to reach their original destination, the Pilgrims decided to stay
and explore Cape Cod and anchored in what is now Provincetown
After experiencing an arduous journey
crossing the Atlantic Ocean, they decided to begin construction
on their plantation and buildings.
For around the next six weeks, the
Pilgrims would send out many exploring parties, seeking out a suitable
place to build their colony.
The Pilgrims started constructing their
homes and storehouses in late December 1620, but only managed to
get a couple built before and during the first winter.
In April 1621, The Mayflower sailed back
to England. Not one of the passengers chose to leave with the ship.
The surviving pilgrims had recovered their health and began planting
native corn. By autumn they had started to prepare a few of their
homes against the winter, so the Governor called for a festivity
of their harvest, a Thanksgiving shared and celebrated.
During the next few years, several
additional ships had arrived carrying passengers, including The
Fortune in 1621, and The Anne in 1623. The Fortune
brought mostly young men to contribute labour and The Anne
brought many of the wives and children to the colony - many of the
men had left behind their wives and children in England until the
colony was better established.
The Conway Stewart Pilgrims pen pays
homage to the Plymouth Pilgrims. A small group of people who had
the passion to start a new Church and society, travelling thousands
of miles by sea to live in a new place.
The Conway Stewart Pilgrim Limited
Edition has been created using the art of airbrush and hand painting
to evoke scenes from the history of the First Pilgrim settlers.
With depictions of the coastlines of
both Plymouth, where the settlers first set sail, and the Massachusetts
Bay where they eventually settled framing an ocean scene of the
Mayflower at sail on the cap, the Pilgrim Pen is a beautiful work
of art. Additional scenes of the Massachusetts Bay Colony are painted
on the barrel, showing scenes from the everyday life of the first
Our renowned airbrush artist executes
this artwork with painstaking care and attention to detail. The
technique used allows for a combination of fine detail and beautiful,
flowing spreads of colour.
Both cap and barrel of the Churchill
model are accented with end caps of solid Ivory Casein, and the
trim is a rich gold colour, putting the final touch to this miniature
As with all Conway Stewart writing
instruments, the solid 18-carat gold nib is available in a choice
of eight grades, from Extra Fine to Extra Broad, Italic Fine, Italic
Medium and Italic Broad.
The Pilgrim Limited Edition uses the
reliable cartridge converter filling mechanism and is packaged in
our deluxe packaging.